WHO IS WHO IN ANCIENT EGYPT

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 Ahmose 1 (Amosis) c.1550-1525B.C
Throne Name: Neb-Pehty-Re “The Lord of Strength is Re”
  • Birth Name: Ahmoses “The Moon is Born”
  • First Pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty and the New Kingdom
  • During his reign Egypt was liberated from the Hykos
  • The Hykos were known a the Shepherd Kings
  • Hykos were a Semitic group of unknown origin
  • Amose 1 married his sister Ahmose-Nefertiri
  • Amose 1 had six daughters and three sons

King Aha cartouche

  •  King Aha Ruler of Dynasty 1
  • Also Known as Hor Aha or Horus Aha “Meaning the fighting Hawk”
  • An artifact made out of ivory that was discovered in the tomb of Neithotep at Saqqara revealed King Aha taking part in  the “Recieving of the North and South unification of Upper and Lower Egypt celebrations
  • Thought to be the son of king Narmer
  • Reigned for around 62 years
  • King Aha was also thought by many academics to be King Menes.
  • Buried at Abydos

ahhotep1

Queen Ahhotep 1st  c.1560-1530BC
  • Reigned during the 17th Dynasty
  • Meaning of “Ahhotep” is The Moon is satified
  • Daughter of Queen Tetisheri and Senakhtenre Ahmose
  • Siblings were Ahmose (who drove the Hykos from Egypt and established the 18th Dynasty. And her daughter Inhap
  • Married to Seqenenre Tao who died at the hands of the Hykos, (Semetic Asiatic invaders)
  • Mother of the famous Queen Ahmose Nefertari
  • Buried at the Dra Abu el-Naga royal cemetery on the West bank in ancient Thebes

Abul-Simbel
The Rock temple structure dedicated to Ramses 11

Abul-Simbel The Rock temple structure dedicated to Ramses 11

  • The religious site was built by Ramses II (1279-13 BCE)
  • Originally located on the Southern border of ancient Egypt facing Nubia
  • In 1960 during the building of the Aswan Dam the Egyptian government
    worked in partnership with UNESCO in order to move the Abul Simbel temple
  • During 1964-68 the complete structure was moved to a higher point on a cliff to ensure
    that it did not become water logged
  • The new location of Abdul Simbel is the western bank of Lake Nasser which
    is around 230 km from Aswan
  • The Grand temple was built by Ramses II to commemorate his victory
    at the Battle of Kadesh and it is also dedicated to the god Re-Horakhty
  • The smaller temple is dedicated to the chief wife of Ramses II called Nefertari and
    the goddess Hathor
  • The Great temple at Abul Simbel has a height of 30 metres and it is 35 metres wide
  • Directly above the main entrance are four carves statues of Ramses II that are over 20 meters high
  • By the knees of each statue the ancient Egyptian craftsmen has carved small size statues of
    Ramses II wives and children
  • The Inner Sanctuary of the Great temple has a special feature which reveals its self every year on February
    and October 22nd when the sun sets and the beams reach the back wall and lights up three of the four statue

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